Reducing sodium in children’s diets

October 7, 2014

Source: Medical News Today

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Date of publication: September 2014

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: The American government’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has produced a factsheet to help parents and carers reduce children’s consumption of sodium.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: CDC Vital Signs: Reducing sodium in children’s diets


New recommendations for overweight people with heart risks

September 3, 2014

Source: Reuters

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Date of publication: August 2014

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: The United States Preventive Services Task Force has issued new recommendations for overweight patients who have risk factors for heart disease. These patients should receive intensive behaviour counselling for diet and exercise. Previous studies showed that by attending this form of counselling for up to one year, many health markers were improved and the risk of diabetes was reduced.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: Annals of Internal Medicine, 26th August 2014


2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure

January 14, 2014

Source: JAMA online first

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Date of publication: 18th December 2013

Publication type: Practice Guidelines

In a nutshell: The panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee have developed Evidence Statements for treatment of high blood pressure based on a systematic review of the literature. This report recommends treatment thresholds, goals and drug treatment strategies in the management of hypertension in adults.

Length of publication: 14 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: The US National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute (NHLBI)


Secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in older adults

December 16, 2013

Source: Circulation, 2013, 128 (22), p.2422-2446

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Date of publication: November 2013

Publication type: Best practice

In a nutshell: This scientific statement published by the American Heart Association gives an overview of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) in older adults, and discusses areas such as hypertension management, psychosocial issues and lifestyle therapy.

Length of publication: 28 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: American Heart Association


New US prevention guidelines focus on overall risk of cardiovascular disease

November 20, 2013

Source: BMJ, 14th November 2013

Follow this link for fulltext http://www.bmj.com/content/347/bmj.f6858

Date of publication: November 2013

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Four American expert panels have issues guidelines on assessment of the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; the treatment of high blood cholesterol concentrations; ‘heart healthy’ lifestyles and management of obesity in adults.

Length of publication: 2 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Economic Analyses of the Be Fit Be Well Program

September 11, 2013

Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine, e-pub ahead of print

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Date of publication: June 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This is a cost-analysis of a two-year moderate intensity weight loss and hypertension management programme. The ‘Be Fit Be Well Program’ involved 365 hypertensive and obese participants in three community health centres in the USA.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Prospective study of breakfast eating and incident coronary heart disease

August 9, 2013

Source: Circulation, 2013, 128 (4) p. 337-343

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Date of publication: July 2013

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: The purpose of this research was to examine eating habits and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). More than 25,000 men without cardiovascular disease participated in the study, and were followed up over 16 years. Men who did not eat breakfast had a 27% higher risk of developing CHD than men who ate breakfast.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


American Heart Association guide for improving cardiovascular health at the community level

May 10, 2013

Source: Circulation, 2013, 127 (16) p. 1730-1753

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Date of publication: April 2013

Publication type: Report

In a nutshell: This guide aims to provide a comprehensive list of evidence-based strategies and recommendations for preventing cardiovascular disease and stroke, which can be implemented on a community level. It gives an inventory of current community-based projects.

Length of publication: 24 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: American Heart Association


The importance of cardiorespiratory fitness in the United States: the need for a national registry

February 18, 2013

Source: Circulation 2013, 125 (5), p. 652-662

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Date of publication: February 2013

Publication type: Policy statement

In a nutshell: Cardiorespiratory fitness is recognised as an important marker of cardiovascular health. Currently it is the only major risk factor that is not routinely and regularly assessed in the clinical setting. This policy statement by the American Heart Association calls for the development of a national adult cardiorespiratory fitness registry for the US population. It also outlines how such a database could better inform national policy on physical activity and health.

Length of publication: 11 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: American Heart Association


Population approaches to improve diet, physical activity and smoking habits

October 9, 2012

Source: Circulation, 2012, 126 (12) p. 1514-1563

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Date of publication: September 2012

Publication type: Policies

In a nutshell: This scientific statement from the American Heart Association systematically reviewed the current evidence for effective population approaches to improve eating habits, increase physical activity and reduce smoking. A range of population-based strategies promoting changes to lifestyle were identified and graded. The findings provide a framework for policy makers and other stakeholders to implement effective interventions.

Length of publication: 50 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: American Heart Association


Improving blood pressure control through a clinical pharmacist outreach program

July 18, 2012

Source: Circulation, 2012, 125 (23), p. 2863-2872

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: June 2012

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: The authors of this study designed a pharmacist-led care management programme to improve blood pressure control among patients with type 2 diabetes who had persistent hypertension. The pharmacists had access to electronic pharmacy prescribing and clinical data systems and promoted adherence by use of motivational interviewing.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: You will need an NHS Athens username and password to access this article. Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Obesity treatment for socioeconomically disadvantaged patients in primary care practice

April 12, 2012

Source: Archives of Internal Medicine, 2012, 172 (7) p. 565-574

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: April 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: 365 obese patients receiving treatment for hypertension took part in a trial to measure the effectiveness of a behavioural intervention. The ‘Be Fit, Be Well’ intervention promoted weight loss and hypertension self-management. This included tailored goals for behaviour-change, self-monitoring and skills training, which were available online, by telephone, through group support sessions and other methods. After two years, the intervention provided modest weight loss and improved blood pressure control among this high-risk, disadvantaged group of patients.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: You will need an NHS Athens username and password to access this article. Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.