New nutrition data shows global calorie consumption

February 10, 2015

Source: Euromonitor International

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Date of publication: February 2015

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: ‘Passport: Nutrition’ is a new research tool provided by market analyst Euromonitor. It maps the purchasing of packaged foods and soft drinks, with a break-down of their nutritional composition, in 54 countries.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: UK Health Forum Prevention Information and Evidence


Sugar swap campaign launched by Public Health England

January 20, 2015

Source: Guidelines in Practice

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Date of publication: January 2015

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Sugar Swaps is a new campaign launched by Public Health England Change4Life. It encourages families to cut back on sugar by substituting sugary snacks for food such as plain cereal, fruit and drinks with no sugar added. It also offers free guidance, money-off vouchers and weekly e-mails and texts with advice on reducing sugar consumption.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: Change4Life


Reduced dietary salt for the prevention of cardiovascular disease

January 20, 2015

Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

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Date of publication: December 2014

Publication type: Systematic review

In a nutshell: This systematic review was first published in 2011 and has now been updated with new content. The aim of the review was to assess the long-term effects of advice on reducing dietary salt, as well as low-sodium salt substitution, on mortality and cardiovascular events.

Length of publication: 70 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


A cardiovascular disease policy model that predicts life expectancy

January 19, 2015

Source: Heart, 2015, 101 (3) p. 201-208

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Date of publication: February 2015

Publication type: Policies

In a nutshell: The primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a policy priority and should include the aim of reducing health inequalities. This CVD policy model was developed using data from the Scottish Heart Health Extended Cohort. It estimates the impact of risk factor modification on CVD events and non-CVD mortality to predict life expectancy, taking into account socio-economic deprivation. This policy tool can be used to estimate the impact of primary prevention interventions on life expectancy. It can also assess the impact of interventions on inequalities.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Diagnostic and predictive accuracy of blood pressure screening methods

December 31, 2014

Source: Annals of Internal Medicine online first

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Date of publication: December 2014

Publication type: Systematic review

In a nutshell: This systematic review updated the evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for high blood pressure in adults and summarised the evidence on re-screening intervals. The study also looked at the diagnostic and predictive accuracy of different blood pressure methods for cardiovascular events.

Length of publication: 26 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Steps to solving inactivity

December 22, 2014

Source: UK Active

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Date of publication: November 2014

Publication type: Report

In a nutshell: Official government data shows that 29% of people in England are physically inactive. Local authorities have nearly doubled the amount of public health funding they have allocated to tackling the issue of inactivity. The details of 952 physical activity programmes, increasing the activity levels of 3.5 million people annually, have been submitted to a national review. This report makes recommendations for government, local authorities and the activity sector.

Length of publication: 58 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Yoga may guard against heart disease, study finds

December 19, 2014

Source: BBC News Health

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Date of publication: December 2014

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: This news article discusses a systematic review of 37 studies, involving nearly 3000 people, which found that yoga may be beneficial for protecting against heart disease, especially for people who cannot do more vigorous forms of exercise. Yoga was independently linked to a lowering of heart risk factors such as hypertension, cholesterol and obesity when compared with no exercise. The calming effect of yoga may be beneficial, as stress in linked to high blood pressure and heart disease.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: BMJ


What is preventing progress? Time to move from talk to action

November 10, 2014

Source: The Richmond Group of Charities

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Date of publication: November 2014

Publication type: Report

In a nutshell: This report argues that tackling common risk factors such as smoking, alcohol, inactivity and unhealthy eating would drastically reduce the number of people affected by heart disease, cancer, lung disease and diabetes. The ten charities involved in the report outline nine key calls to action for politicians and decision-makers to ensure that disease prevention is at the top of the agenda.

Length of publication: 15 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: British Heart Foundation


Experts call for new focus on physical activity

November 7, 2014

Source: BBC News Health

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Date of publication: October 2014

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: The effects of inactivity are linked to heart disease, cancer and diabetes. Many people are failing to meet the recommended level of 150 minutes of moderate activity per week. This report focuses on a community-based competition called ‘Beat the Street’ to challenge inactivity. It is based mainly in primary schools but also encourages participation from GP surgeries, local clubs and businesses. The GP who devised this scheme says that 10% more people meet the recommended level of activity after Beat the Street, and 22% of people who were physically inactive before the scheme have become more active.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Smartphone-based home care model improved use of cardiac rehabilitation

November 7, 2014

Source: Heart, 2014, 100 (22) p. 1770-1779

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Date of publication: November 2014

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: This unblinded randomised controlled trial aimed to investigate the effect of smartphone-based home service delivery of cardiac rehabilitation compared with traditional centre-based programmes for post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The results of this smartphone-based home care cardiac rehabilitation programme showed improved post-MI cardiac rehabiliation uptake, adherence and completion.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Healthier lives: diabetes, hypertension and NHS Health Check

November 6, 2014

Source: Public Health England

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Date of publication: October 2014

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: Healthier Lives is a new interactive tool which shows the large variation in prevalence and treatment of hypertension and diabetes around England as well as the provision of the NHS Health Check to prevent heart disease and other conditions. The data allows people to see how their GP surgery, CCG and Local Authority are performing compared to the national average.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: Press release


Minister defends controversial NHS Health Checks programme

July 14, 2014

Source: The BMJ

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Date of publication: July 2014

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: The NHS Health Checks Programme was designed to cut cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. People aged 40 – 74 are invited to attend a check-up once every five years to assess their risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and diabetes. However, the programme has been criticised for being ineffective and a waste of money. Jane Ellison, the public health minister for England, defended the programme when she appeared before MPs on the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.