Cardiovascular Horizon Scanning Volume 3 Issue 2

February 14, 2011

Multiple risk factor interventions for primary prevention of coronary heart disease

February 11, 2011

Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, issue 1

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Date of publication: January 2011

Publication type: Systematic review

In a nutshell: The evidence from this Cochrane systematic review suggests that multiple risk factor interventions using counselling and educational methods to change behaviour do not reduce coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality and morbidity. However, they may be effective in reducing mortality in high-risk hypertensive and diabetic populations. It concludes that health promotion interventions have limited use in general populations.

Length of publication: 175 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Exercise on prescription: changes in physical activity and health-related quality of life

February 11, 2011

Source: European Journal of Public Health, 2011, 21 (1), p. 56-62

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Date of publication: January 2011

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: This study analysed changes in physical activity among participants of five Exercise on Prescription (EoP) programmes in Denmark. EoP helped to contribute to improved levels of physical activity and health-related quality of life.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: You will need an NHS Athens username and password to access this article. Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Efficacy of quantified home-based exercise and supervised exercise

February 10, 2011

Source: Circulation, 2011, 123 (5) p. 491-498

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Date of publication: February 2011

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: This clinical trial compared home-based and supervised exercise programmes among peripheral artery disease patients. The results of the study found that a home-based exercise programme had high adherence and was effective in improving claudication measures and increasing daily ambulatory activity.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: American Heart Association


Improving cardiovascular health at population level

February 10, 2011

Source: BMJ 2011; 342:d442 (Online First)

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Date of publication: February 2011

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: The Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program (CHAP) was implemented as an intervention to reduce morbidity from cardiovascular disease among older adults in 39 communities in Canada. This collaborative, community-based health promotion and prevention programme was found to reduce cardiovascular morbidity at a population level.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


NHS failing to screen for deadly heart condition

February 10, 2011

Source: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence

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Date of publication: January 2011

Publication type: Press release

In a nutshell: 100.000 people are at risk of developing familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) as trusts fail to act on NICE guidelines which call for early diagnosis. A UK-wide audit found that very few families were systematically genetically screened for the inherited condition.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Considerable uncertainty remains in the evidence for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

February 10, 2011

Source: The Cochrane Library

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Date of publication: 14 January 2011

Publication type: Editorial

In a nutshell: This editorial is written by Carl Heneghan, Director of the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine, and Clinical Reader in the Department of Primary Health Care, University of Oxford. It is based on the evidence from two new Cochrane reviews of preventive strategies: multiple risk factor interventions for primary prevention of CHD, and statins for the primary prevention of CVD.

Length of publication: 1 web page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Parental history and myocardial infarction

February 10, 2011

Source: Reuters 27.1.11

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Date of publication: 27 January 2011

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Reports on the findings of the INTERHEART study, published recently in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 12 000 participants from 52 countries were studied, and across all nationalities, the risk of heart disease was almost doubled in those with a family history of heart attack.

Length of publication: 1 web page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC), 2011, 57, pp 619-627


The association of breast arterial calcification and coronary heart disease

February 10, 2011

Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2011, 117 (2 part 1) p. 233-241

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Date of publication: February 2011

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: The objective of this study was to determine whether mammography could be an early prediction tool for the development of coronary heart disease (CHD). The study found that the presence of breast arterial calcifications on mammograms indicated a significantly increased risk of developing CHD or a stroke, and could therefore be used as a marker.

Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Conventional versus automated measurement of blood pressure in primary care

February 10, 2011

Source: BMJ 2011;342:d286 (Online First)

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Date of publication: 7th February 2011

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: The objective of this randomised controlled trial was to compare the quality and accuracy of manual office blood pressure and automated office blood pressure. Primary care practices in five Canadian cities were randomly allocated to the use of either manual or automated office blood pressure.

Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Early life socioeconomic adversity is associated in adult life with chronic inflammation, carotid artherosclerosis, poorer lung function and decreased cognitive performance: a cross-sectional, population-based study

February 9, 2011

Source: BMC Public Health, 2011, 11:42

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Date of publication: 17 January 2011

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The Scottish Psychosocial and Biological Determinants of Ill-health (pSoBid) Study was conducted to examine links between early life adversity, intermediary phenotypes and markers of ill-health in adulthood, including artherosclerosis.

Length of publication: 16 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Further dissemination

February 8, 2011

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