CARDIOVASCULAR HORIZON SCANNING Volume 3 Issue 6

June 15, 2011

Recent advances in preventive cardiology and lifestyle medicine

June 9, 2011

Source: Circulation, 2011, 123 (20) p. 2274-2283

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Date of publication: May 2011

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A review of the advances in preventive cardiology and lifestyle medicine over the last decade, including some emerging interventions such as the polypill, and the use of behavioural and complementary interventions to reduce cardiovascular disease.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


ACCF/AHA 2011 expert consensus document on hypertension in the elderly

June 9, 2011

Source: Circulation, 2011, 123 (21) p. 2434-2506

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Date of publication: May 2011

Publication type: Report

In a nutshell: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Task Force as a reference document for managing hypertension in older adults. There is a section on future considerations for the prevention of hypertension, unresolved issues, and future research.

Length of publication: 73 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement:


Prevention of atrial fibrillation with omega-3 fatty acids

June 9, 2011

Source: Heart, 2011, 97 (13) p. 1034-1040

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Date of publication: July 2011

Publication type: Systematic review

In a nutshell: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 10 randomised controlled trials to examine the role of n-3 PUFA supplements in the prevention of atrial fibrillation. No significant effects were observed. The reviewers recommended a larger trial with higher doses and longer follow-up.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: You will need an NHS Athens username and password to access this article. Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Four in one polypill halves predicted cardiovascular risk

June 9, 2011

Source: BMJ, 2011, 342 (7809) p. 1229

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Date of publication: June 2011

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: A randomised study of 378 people who took a 12-week treatment of the polypill has led researchers to calculate that long-term use would reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and ischaemic stroke by approximately 60%. Larger trials are now needed to test whether the combination of medicines in a polypill improves patient adherence.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: You will need an NHS Athens username and password to access this article. Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Achieving ideal cardiovascular and brain health: opportunity amid crisis. Presidential address at the American Heart Association 2010 Scientific sessions

June 8, 2011

Source: Circulation, 7 June 2011,

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Date of publication: June 2011

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Ralph L Sacco, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, is the first neurologist to become President of the American Heart Association. In this address, he outlines 7 simple key factors and behaviours which support ‘ideal cardiovascular health’. He discusses the challenges, and the prevention strategies that need to be taken to build healthier nations, free from cardiovascular disease and stroke.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: You will need an NHS Athens username and password to access this article. Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Duration of treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and impact on risk of death and recurrent myocardial infarction in patients with prior myocardial infarction

June 8, 2011

Source: Circulation, 24 May 2011, vol 123 (20), pp 2226-2235

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Date of publication: May 2011

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This large nationwide cohort study in Denmark showed significantly increased risk of further MI and death associated with use of NSAIDs in patients with prior MI, even over short-term periods of treatment. Diclofenac was associated with the highest risk.

Length of publication: 11 pages

Some important notes: You will need an NHS Athens username and password to access this article. Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.