CARDIOVASCULAR HORIZON SCANNING Volume 4 Issue 4

April 17, 2012
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Effectiveness of physical activity promotion based in primary care

April 13, 2012

Source: BMJ, 2012, 344 (7850)

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Date of publication: March 2012

Publication type: Systematic review

In a nutshell: A systematic review of 15 randomised controlled trials. The trials involved the promotion of physical activity in sedentary adults, by phone or in person, with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Three trials investigated exercise referrals. The researchers found that physical activity levels significantly increased after one year, but that there was insufficient evidence to recommend exercise referral schemes over advice or counselling interventions. More trials are needed to determine the effectiveness of exercise referral interventions.

Length of publication: 17 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


NHS Health Checks: presentations and feedback from NHS Health Check National Learning Network event, London, March 2012

April 13, 2012

Source: NHS Health Check 

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Date of publication: March 2012

Publication type: Presentations and associated resources

In a nutshell: A number of useful presentations including: ‘Management of people at high-risk of CVD’ and ‘Embedding the NHS Health Check programme within public health’.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the resources. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Obesity treatment for socioeconomically disadvantaged patients in primary care practice

April 12, 2012

Source: Archives of Internal Medicine, 2012, 172 (7) p. 565-574

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: April 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: 365 obese patients receiving treatment for hypertension took part in a trial to measure the effectiveness of a behavioural intervention. The ‘Be Fit, Be Well’ intervention promoted weight loss and hypertension self-management. This included tailored goals for behaviour-change, self-monitoring and skills training, which were available online, by telephone, through group support sessions and other methods. After two years, the intervention provided modest weight loss and improved blood pressure control among this high-risk, disadvantaged group of patients.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: You will need an NHS Athens username and password to access this article. Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Let’s get moving: revised commissioning guidance

April 12, 2012

Source: Department of Health

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Date of publication: 16 March 2012

Publication type: Guidance

In a nutshell: This guidance is intended to help commissioners establish the best model locally, and identify the most appropriate service providers to deliver the intervention and local health outcomes.

Length of publication: 68 pages plus associated documents

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: National Heart Forum weekly e-news briefing 28 March 2012


BACPR Standards and core components for cardiovascular disease prevention and rehabilitation 2012

April 11, 2012

Source: British Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (BACPR)

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Date of publication: 2nd edition, March 2012

Publication type: Standards

In a nutshell: Identifies 7 core components: health behaviour change and education, lifestyle risk factor management, psychosocial health, medical risk factor management, cardioprotective therapies, long-term management, audit and evaluation. Sets standards for the delivery of comprehensive rehabilitation programmes, which are highly cost effective and fundamental to reducing mortality from CVD.

Length of publication: 28 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Diesel exhaust fumes cause blood pressure rise

April 4, 2012

Source: Medwire News 30th March 2012

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Date of publication: March 2012

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: A study of 45 healthy non-smokers exposed to 120 minutes of diesel exhaust fumes found that they experienced a significant rise in systolic blood pressure, but that their diastolic blood pressure was not affected. The researchers argue that an acute rise in blood pressure has the potential to induce atherosclerotic plaque disruption, myocardial ischemia and other precursors to myocardial infarction, especially in susceptible populations.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: Hypertension, 2012 ; Online First