CARDIOVASCULAR HORIZON SCANNING Volume 6 Issue 7

July 17, 2014
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Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2014

July 15, 2014

Source: World Health Organization

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Date of publication: July 2014

Publication type: Statistics

In a nutshell: The World Health Organization has published the second edition of its Country Profiles, detailing the situation for the four main non-communicable diseases (NCDs) – cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. The statistics focus on mortality, risk factors and the capacity of national systems to prevent and control NCDs.

Length of publication: 210 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: Global action plan for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases


Healthy habits gained in 30s and 40s can reduce risk of heart disease

July 15, 2014

Source: Medical News Today

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Date of publication: July 2014

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Researchers have found that it is never too late to change habits and improve your heart disease risk. The study showed that over a 20 year period 25% added at least one healthy lifestyle behaviour while 40% lost a healthy behaviour and added at least one unhealthy life style behaviour increasing their risk of heart disease.

Length of publication: 1 wepage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: UK Health Forum


Minister defends controversial NHS Health Checks programme

July 14, 2014

Source: The BMJ

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Date of publication: July 2014

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: The NHS Health Checks Programme was designed to cut cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. People aged 40 – 74 are invited to attend a check-up once every five years to assess their risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and diabetes. However, the programme has been criticised for being ineffective and a waste of money. Jane Ellison, the public health minister for England, defended the programme when she appeared before MPs on the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Smartphone-based home care model improved use of cardiac rehabilitation in postmyocardial infarction

July 11, 2014

Source: Heart online first

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: June 2014

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: Uptake of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) can be poor, especially among women, older patients and ethnic minorities. This study looked at a home-based CR programme called the Care Assessment Programme, which used smartphones to monitor health and exercise, and to deliver motivational and educational material. This home service had higher rates of uptake, adherence and completion than a traditional centre-based programme among post-myocardial infarction patients.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


The management of atrial fibrillation: summary of updated NICE guidance

July 11, 2014

Source: The BMJ

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Date of publication: July 2014

Publication type: Practice Guidelines

In a nutshell: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence has produced a Patient Decision Aid (PDA) to be used in conjunction with its guidance on the management of atrial fibrillation. The PDA is designed to help patients weigh up the possible advantages and disadvantages of the different options for treatment, in order to be able to discuss the alternatives with a health professional.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: Initial publication of BMJ article about the practice guideline June 2014


Cost-effectiveness of eplerenone in patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms

July 11, 2014

Source: Heart online first

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Date of publication: July 2014

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: Results from the EMPHASIS-HF trial (‘Eplerenone in Mild Patients Hospitalization and Survival Study in Heart Failure’) were used to develop a simulation model estimating lifetime direct costs of prescribing eplerenone to patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HF). Eplerenone was regarded as cost-effective at a willingness-to-pay threshold of £20 000 per QALY (Quality-Adjusted Life Years).

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.