Self-management support for people with hypertension

January 20, 2015

Source: Health Services and Delivery Research, 2014, 2 (53) p. 221-250

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Date of publication: December 2014

Publication type: Systematic review

In a nutshell: This study by the National Institute for Health Research provides an overview of the evidence on self-management support for a range of long-term conditions. Its objective is to inform commissioning and healthcare providers. Chapter 15 examines the research on self-management support for hypertension.

Length of publication: 30 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: National Institute for Health Research


Sugar swap campaign launched by Public Health England

January 20, 2015

Source: Guidelines in Practice

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Date of publication: January 2015

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Sugar Swaps is a new campaign launched by Public Health England Change4Life. It encourages families to cut back on sugar by substituting sugary snacks for food such as plain cereal, fruit and drinks with no sugar added. It also offers free guidance, money-off vouchers and weekly e-mails and texts with advice on reducing sugar consumption.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: Change4Life


Reduced dietary salt for the prevention of cardiovascular disease

January 20, 2015

Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

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Date of publication: December 2014

Publication type: Systematic review

In a nutshell: This systematic review was first published in 2011 and has now been updated with new content. The aim of the review was to assess the long-term effects of advice on reducing dietary salt, as well as low-sodium salt substitution, on mortality and cardiovascular events.

Length of publication: 70 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


A cardiovascular disease policy model that predicts life expectancy

January 19, 2015

Source: Heart, 2015, 101 (3) p. 201-208

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Date of publication: February 2015

Publication type: Policies

In a nutshell: The primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a policy priority and should include the aim of reducing health inequalities. This CVD policy model was developed using data from the Scottish Heart Health Extended Cohort. It estimates the impact of risk factor modification on CVD events and non-CVD mortality to predict life expectancy, taking into account socio-economic deprivation. This policy tool can be used to estimate the impact of primary prevention interventions on life expectancy. It can also assess the impact of interventions on inequalities.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Two thirds unaware of healthy calorie intake

January 14, 2015

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: January 2015

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: A new poll from the British Heart Foundation (BHF), Diabetes UK and Tesco has found that about two thirds of people do not know how many calories the average person needs to maintain a healthy weight.  Only 35 percent of respondents knew the average man needed 2,500 calories per day and 37 percent were aware that the average woman needed 2,000 calories.  Simon Gillespie, Chief Executive of BHF said: “These figures are deeply concerning and highlight our confusion about calories.  Eating too much of any food increases the chances of becoming obese, a risk factor for coronary heart disease, which is the UK’s single biggest killer.”

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: UK Health Forum


Position paper on air pollution and cardiovascular disease

January 14, 2015

Source: European Heart Journal

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Date of publication: December 2014

Publication type: Article

In a nutshell:  An expert consensus policy paper, published in the European Heart Journal,  looks at the relationship between air pollution and cardiovascular disease. It aims to discuss the wide ranging impacts of air pollution on cardiovascular disease  and make recommendations for future public health research and priorities.

Length of publication: 13 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: UK Health Forum


Diagnostic and predictive accuracy of blood pressure screening methods

December 31, 2014

Source: Annals of Internal Medicine online first

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Date of publication: December 2014

Publication type: Systematic review

In a nutshell: This systematic review updated the evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for high blood pressure in adults and summarised the evidence on re-screening intervals. The study also looked at the diagnostic and predictive accuracy of different blood pressure methods for cardiovascular events.

Length of publication: 26 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.