Does loneliness increase your risk of heart attack or stroke?

May 9, 2016

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: April 2016

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell:  Loneliness has been linked to an increased risk of heart attack or stroke, but does the research stack up? We look behind the headlines.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: British Heart Foundation


UK Health Forum welcomes new report from Royal College of Physicians on tobacco harm reduction

May 9, 2016

Source: UK Health Forum

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Date of publication: April 2016

Publication type: Report

In a nutshell: The report, which build on the evidence review conducted by Public Heath England in 2015, supports the positive role of e-cigarettes in reducing tobacco harm.  It concludes that, whilst not absolutely safe, the hazard to health arising from long term vapour inhalation from the e-cigarettes available today is unlikely to exceed 5% of the harm from smoking tobacco.  Encouraging smokers to switch to e-cigarettes as a means of quitting smoking must go hand in hand with a robust, appropriate and considered regulatory approach to these products.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: UK Health Forum


Smoking could cause disease in more than 1.3 million over the next 20 years

May 9, 2016

Source: UK Health Forum

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Date of publication: March 2016

Publication type: Report

In a nutshell:  This study examined the effect of future trends in smoking prevalence on incidence of non-communicable disease such as cancer, coronary heart disease, COPD and stroke. It updates and builds on previous studies to review the latest trends in smoking prevalence to predict prevalence in twenty years.

Length of publication: 21 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: UK Health Forum


Every breath we take: the lifelong impact of air pollution

May 9, 2016

Source: UK Health Forum

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Date of publication: February 2016

Publication type: Report

In a nutshell: The report starkly sets out the dangerous impact air pollution is currently having on our nation’s health.  Each year in the UK, around 40,000 deaths are attributable to exposure to outdoor air pollution which plays a role in many of the major health challenges of our day.  It has been linked to cancer, asthma, stroke and heart disease, diabetes, obesity and changes linked to dementia.  The health problems resulting from exposure to air pollution have a high cost to people who suffer from illness and premature death, to our health services and to business.  In the UK, these costs add up to more than £20 billion every year.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: UK Health Forum


Mediterranean diet best for heart disease (but some junk food won’t hurt)

May 9, 2016

Source: NHS Choices – Behind the Headlines

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Date of publication: April 2016

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell:  “People with heart disease have a lower risk of heart attack and strokes if they eat a Mediterranean-style diet”. After recruiting more than 15,000 people with heart disease from 39 countries, researchers scored their diets for Mediterranean elements such as eating plenty of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, fish, some alcohol, and some meat. They also scored diets for Western diet elements, such as consumption of refined grains, sweets and desserts, sugared drinks, and deep-fried foods.

After an average of 3.7 years, death, non-fatal heart attack or stroke occurred in 7.3% of people with a Mediterranean score of 15 or more – about 3% less than those scoring 14 or below (around 10%).

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: NHS Choices – Behind the Headlines