Diabetes and coronary artery disease: not just a risk factor

August 6, 2020

Source: Heart journal

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Date of publication:  June 2020

Publication type: Education

In a nutshell:  Article discussing the relationship between diabetes and coronary artery disease. (Subscription required).

Length of publication:  1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library. https://www.hlisd.org/

Acknowledgement:   https://heart.bmj.com/


Eating an egg a day does not raise risk of heart attack or stroke

April 21, 2020

Source: NHS Behind the Headlines

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Date of publication:  March 2020

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell:  In a new study, researchers used dietary information from 215,618 people in the US, dating back to 1980. They found no evidence that people eating an egg a day had a higher risk of heart attack or stroke than people who rarely or never ate eggs, once their overall diet and lifestyle was taken into account. The researchers pooled their study results with those of 27 other studies from around the world. The pooled results also found no increased risk of heart attack or stroke for people eating eggs.

Length of publication:  1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement:   NHS Behind the Headlines


Lives at risk due to 50% drop in heart attack A&E attendances

April 21, 2020

Source: British Heart Foundation

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 Date of publication:  April 2020

 Publication type: News

In a nutshell:    New data from hospitals across England show that the number of people seen in hospital with a suspected heart attack has halved since the beginning of March. We are concerned

that thousands of people may be at greater risk of suffering long term heart damage, needing intensive care, or even dying as a result.

Length of publication:  1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library. https://www.hlisd.org/

Acknowledgement:   British Heart Foundation


Heart attack treatment: What’s the future?

April 21, 2020

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication:  April 2020

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell:  From better prediction to new treatments, BHF-funded research is taking steps to reduce the heartbreak caused by heart attacks

Length of publication:  1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library. https://www.hlisd.org/

Acknowledgement:   British Heart Foundation


New target for repairing the heart after heart attack

March 5, 2020

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication:  31 January 2020

Publication type: News

In a nutshell:  During a heart attack, the heart is starved of oxygen and the heart muscle is damaged. The human heart can’t repair this damage, and a scar forms. To begin with this scar is helpful, but in the long-run it can stop the heart from beating properly, leading to heart failure.

Length of publication:  1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement:   British Heart Foundation


Advance care planning for adults with heart failure

March 5, 2020

Source: Cochrane Library of Systematic Review

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Date of publication:  27 February 2020

Publication type: Review

In a nutshell:  People with heart failure report various symptoms and show a trajectory of periodic exacerbations and recoveries, where each exacerbation event may lead to death. Current clinical practice guidelines indicate the importance of discussing future care strategies with people with heart failure. Advance care planning (ACP) is the process of discussing an individual’s future care plan according to their values and preferences, and involves the person with heart failure, their family members or surrogate decision‐makers, and healthcare providers. Although it is shown that ACP may improve discussion about end‐of‐life care and documentation of an individual’s preferences, the effects of ACP for people with heart failure are uncertain.

Length of publication:  1 webpage

Acknowledgement:  Cochrane Library of Systematic Review


Good sleep linked to lower risk of heart attack and stroke

March 5, 2020

Source: NHS Behind the headlines  

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Date of publication:  19 December 2019 (lower case)

Publication type:  news item

In a nutshell:  Restful night ‘cuts risk’ of heart attack

Length of publication:  1 webpage

Acknowledgement:    NHS Behind the headlines


Air pollution spikes cause hundreds more cardiac arrests and strokes in the UK

November 19, 2019

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: October 2019

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Hundreds of cardiac arrests and strokes in the UK are likely to be caused by sudden spikes in air pollution, according to new research by a team at King’s College London. The evidence suggests that days when pollutants were in the top half of the annual range, there were on average an extra 124 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. In addition, across the nine cities where data were collected, there were an average of 231 additional hospital admissions due to stroke on these same days.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement:   British Heart Foundation


Heart failure hospital admissions rise by a third in five years

November 19, 2019

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: November 2019

Publication type: Statistics

In a nutshell: Heart failure admissions have reached record levels in England, rising from 65,025 in 2013/14 to 86,474 in 2018/19 – a 33 per cent increase. This is three times as fast as all other hospital admissions, which have risen by 11 per cent in the same period. The rise in hospital admissions is reflective of increasing numbers of people living with heart failure in the UK. It’s estimated that around 920,000 people have the condition and it’s placing a greater burden on the health service than the four most common cancers combined. With heart failure patients staying in hospital for around 10 days – double the average of five days for all diagnoses – this is putting immense pressure on the NHS.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement:   British Heart Foundation


Pacemaker study to help heart patients avoid hospital

November 19, 2019

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: November 2019

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: A study at The University of Manchester which will analyse heart patients’ activity levels through their pacemakers, to determine which people are at the highest risk of frailty and help them avoid long hospital stays.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: British Heart Foundation


Does more leg fat protect women against heart attack and stroke?

August 16, 2019

Source: NHS News – Behind the Headlines

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Date of publication: July 2019

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Researchers looked at the body composition of 2,683 women in the US who were a healthy weight and had been through the menopause.

They found women who had a higher percentage of fat around their trunk were more likely to have a heart attack or stroke than women who had more fat on their legs, but less around their upper body.

Because of the nature of the study, we cannot be sure that body fat distribution directly caused the differences in risk of having a heart attack and stroke.

But previous studies have found people who are “apple-shaped” with more central body fat have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than those who are “pear-shaped”.

Scientists think this may be because fat on the legs is a harmless way of storing energy, while fat around the abdominal organs may affect metabolism and put people at risk of diabetes.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement:   NHS News – Behind the Headlines


Potential new heart attack treatment

May 14, 2019

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: March 2019

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: Scientists have found a potential new drug for treating the heart damage caused by a heart attack by targeting the way the heart reacts to stress. The research team, led by BHF Professor Michael Schneider at the National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, used stem cells to grow heart tissue and mimic a ‘heart attack in a dish’, and were able to block the chemical signals within heart muscle that lead to cell death and heart damage.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: British Heart Foundation