Link between children’s ‘screen time’ and early markers for cardiovascular disease

May 9, 2011

Source: Medical News Today

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Date of publication:April 2011

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: An Australian study has found a connection between sedentary behaviour in young children and a narrowing of the vessels in the retina. Retinal microvascular caliber is presently used as a marker for cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure in adults, but it could be used as a subclinical marker for cardiovascular disease in the future.

Length of publication: 1 web page

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Acknowledgement: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology: Journal of the American Heart Association

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Role of waist circumference in predicting the risk of high blood pressure in children

March 10, 2010

Source: International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 2010, 5 (2), 143-150

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Date of publication: April, 2010

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: This study aimed to evaluate the use of measuring waist circumference to identify children with high blood pressure. The researchers analysed data on body mass index, waist circumference and blood pressure in 3,678 children. The results showed that waist circumference is a controversial marker in high-risk children of normal weight.

Length of publication: 8 pages

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Effect of school based physical activity programme (KISS)

March 10, 2010

Source: BMJ, 23 February 2010

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Date of publication: 23rd February, 2010

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: A randomised controlled trial took place in 15 elementary schools in Switzerland over one year. A physical activity programme was introduced with the aim of improving physical and psychological health. Body fat, aerobic fitness, physical activity and quality of life were primary outcomes. Body mass index and cardiovascular risk score were secondary outcome measures.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.