Lives at risk due to 50% drop in heart attack A&E attendances

April 21, 2020

Source: British Heart Foundation

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 Date of publication:  April 2020

 Publication type: News

In a nutshell:    New data from hospitals across England show that the number of people seen in hospital with a suspected heart attack has halved since the beginning of March. We are concerned

that thousands of people may be at greater risk of suffering long term heart damage, needing intensive care, or even dying as a result.

Length of publication:  1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library. https://www.hlisd.org/

Acknowledgement:   British Heart Foundation


Air pollution spikes cause hundreds more cardiac arrests and strokes in the UK

November 19, 2019

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: October 2019

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Hundreds of cardiac arrests and strokes in the UK are likely to be caused by sudden spikes in air pollution, according to new research by a team at King’s College London. The evidence suggests that days when pollutants were in the top half of the annual range, there were on average an extra 124 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. In addition, across the nine cities where data were collected, there were an average of 231 additional hospital admissions due to stroke on these same days.

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Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement:   British Heart Foundation


Children become less active each year of primary school

November 19, 2019

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: November 2019

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: A new study shows that by age 11, children are doing more than an hour less of physical activity a week than at age 6.   The study revealed a dramatic drop in children’s physical activity levels by the time they finish primary school. Monitoring the behaviour of more than 2,000 children from 57 schools across South West England during primary school, it found children became 17 minutes less active per week every year. The UK Chief Medical Officers recommend that children do an hour of MVPA every day. This study found that 61 per cent of children in Year 1 did at least an hour of MVPA per day, but by Year 6, only 41 per cent achieved the target. The drop was particularly steep for girls, who fell from 54 to 28 per cent by the time they finished primary school.  

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Acknowledgement:   British Heart Foundation


Over half living with heart and circulatory diseases have experienced sadness, anxiety and depression

August 16, 2019

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: July 2019

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Survey suggests that more than half of people living with heart and circulatory diseases have experienced feelings related to anxiety or depression, but many are not getting the help they need.

The survey involving almost 5,000 people living with conditions such as a heart attack, stroke and heart failure, found that 58% of respondents living with heart and circulatory diseases had reported feeling sad, down or depressed.

It also found that 59% had experienced feelings of anxiety, and fear or uncertainty about the future.

If these results were representative of the 7.4 million in the UK living with the daily burden of heart and circulatory diseases, this would mean that around four million of those may have experienced these feelings at some stage.

Parallel has revealed that less than half of all cardiac rehabilitation programmes – which offer exercise and information sessions to help people following a heart attack, heart surgery or procedure – have staff designated to mental health management.

And, according to further analysis of patient data by us, more than one in three (37%) working age adults in the UK living with coronary heart disease have been diagnosed with anxiety or depression by their GP, up from 30% a decade earlier. Around 4 in 10 (41%) working age stroke survivors have also been diagnosed with anxiety or depression by their GP. A decade earlier, this figure was 33%. Coronary heart disease, which can cause a heart attack, and stroke are two of the most common types of heart and circulatory disease in the UK.

The BHF is now urging the NHS and Governments across the UK to ensure that emotional and psychological support is a core consideration in the care and support provided to everyone affected by heart and circulatory diseases. In the BHF’s latest strategy, the nation’s heart charity is calling for everyone to receive the support they need to make a good recovery and live free from the fear of these conditions.

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Acknowledgement: British Heart Foundation


Major heart attacks are more deadly during colder months

July 20, 2018

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: June 2018

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: Heart attacks are more likely to kill you in the winter than in the summer, according to new research presented at the British Cardiovascular Society Conference in Manchester. Cardiologists at Leeds General Infirmary compared information from 4,056 people who received treatment for a heart attack in four separate years, and found the most severe heart attacks were more deadly in the coldest six months, compared to the warmest.

The overall number of heart attacks was roughly the same in the coldest half of the year, compared to the warmer months (52% between November and April), with the most serious heart attacks leading to cardiac arrest and cardiogenic shock. The risk of dying within 30 days of a severe heart attack was nearly 50% higher in the six coldest months, compared to the six warmest months (28% vs 20%).

Length of publication: 1 webpage

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Acknowledgement: British Heart Foundation


Major heart attacks are more deadly during colder months

June 15, 2018

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: June 2018

Publication type: Research

In a nutshell: Heart attacks are more likely to kill you in the winter than in the summer, according to new research presented at the British Cardiovascular Society Conference in Manchester. Cardiologists at Leeds General Infirmary compared information from 4,056 people who received treatment for a heart attack in four separate years, and found the most severe heart attacks were more deadly in the coldest six months, compared to the warmest.

The overall number of heart attacks was roughly the same in the coldest half of the year, compared to the warmer months (52% between November and April), with the most serious heart attacks leading to cardiac arrest and cardiogenic shock. The risk of dying within 30 days of a severe heart attack was nearly 50% higher in the six coldest months, compared to the six warmest months (28% vs 20%).

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: British Heart Foundation


‘Apple-shaped’ women may have increased heart attack risk

June 15, 2018

Source: NHS Choices: Behind the Headlines

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Date of publication: March 2018

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: “Women with apple-shaped bodies are ‘more likely to suffer heart attacks than those who are pear-shaped’,” the Daily Mirror reports, as a new study found a link between increased waist size and heart attack.

Researchers from the University of Oxford and other institutions investigated the links between having increased levels of body fat and the risk of having a heart attack.

They used data from people enrolled in the UK Biobank study, which asked nearly 500,000 adults between the ages of 40 and 69 about their health.

The study found having a bigger waist and having a bigger waist relative to your hips were linked to an increased risk of having a heart attack.

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Acknowledgement: NHS Choices: Behind the Headlines

 


Progress in reducing heart attack deaths stalls

February 22, 2018

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: February 2018

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Progress in reducing premature deaths (under 75) from coronary heart disease – the leading cause of heart attacks – is slowing to a near standstill, according to our latest figures.  Although there was a small fall in deaths from coronary heart disease in 2016, our research shows that the death rate declined by just 11% between 2012 and 2016, compared to 24% between 2007 and 2011.

In 2016 in the UK, 22,615 people died from coronary heart disease before they reached the age of 75 – the equivalent of 434 people every week. In total, more than 66,000 people of all ages lost their lives to the disease, which remains one of the UK’s single biggest killers.

The slow down in progress could soon spell the end of decades of continuous decline in deaths from heart disease unless research is accelerated to improve diagnosis and treatment.

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Acknowledgement: British Heart Foundation


Uncovering the connection between sleep and heart health

January 15, 2018

Source: Harvard Heart Health newsletter

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Date of publication:  January 2018

Publication type: Bulletin

In a nutshell:  Sleeping either too little or too much has been linked to a higher risk of heart disease. But how much do other interconnected factors — namely, activity levels and body weight — affect this observation?

In an effort to find out, researchers studied nearly 240,000 healthy adults ages 51 to 72 who were part of a nationwide health study. The investigators examined the influence of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, television viewing, and body mass index on sleep duration and death rates.

During an average of 14 years of follow-up, just over 44,000 people died. Compared with people who slept seven to eight hours per day, those with either shorter or longer snooze times were more likely to die of heart disease. How long a person exercised or was sedentary (inferred by TV-watching time) did not appear to affect the connection between sleep and mortality. But among people who were overweight or obese, sleeping less than seven hours per day was strongly linked to a higher risk of death from heart disease. The study appeared in the Oct. 3, 2017, American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement:  Harvard Heart Health newsletter


Children with heart disease being let down by lack of clinical trials

December 22, 2017

Source: British Heart Foundation

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Date of publication: November 2017

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Less than one per cent of UK children born with congenital heart disease are enrolled in clinical trials looking to improve treatments, according to research we’ve funded.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement:   British Heart Foundation


Going to university may cut your risk of heart disease

September 8, 2017

Source: NHS Choices – Behind the Headlines

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Date of publication: September 2017

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: A new gene study found people with genes associated with spending longer in education had around a 33% reduced risk of developing heart disease.

Length of publication: 1 webpage

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Acknowledgement: NHS Choices – Behind the Headlines


Access to cardiac care in the UK

June 9, 2009

Source: British Cardiovascular Society

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Date of publication: May, 2009

Publication type: Report

In a nutshell: Maps regional access to cardiac care services, analysing population access, variations and inequalities in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland 2000 to 2006. Looks at future need and levels of growth in interventions from 2006 to 2020.

Length of publication: 113 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS library if you cannot access the full text. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.

Acknowledgement: Produced by Oxford Healthcare Associates, jointly commissioned by the BCS, British Heart Foundation, and the Cardio and Vascular Coalition.